Cities and countries

What are the names of European Union countries?

European Union

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union that brings together 28 European countries, and the idea of ​​establishing this union dates back to 1958; As it began as purely economic cooperation, the founding countries were keen to cooperate economically in the aftermath of the Second World War; To avoid any conflicts that could arise, and as a result, the European Economic Community was created, and only six countries began, namely, Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, and then the states joined in successively.

After the success of the economic power that was formed, the Union expanded into a large international organization concerned with coordination and joint and close cooperation in the formulation of economic, political, legal, health, environmental, foreign, and security policies for the Union completely, and in 1993 the name was officially changed to the European Union. The European Union has its own flag and emblem, which consists of 12 golden stars in the form of a circle on a blue background. This emblem symbolizes unity, solidarity, and harmony among the peoples of Europe.

The European Union is the strongest economy in the world, which surpasses the economy of the United States of America, and has many activities on the economic level; Where the European Union has a single market and accounts for more than 20% of total world trade and import and export operations. The union has a unified currency called the Euro, which was officially issued on January 1, 1999, and is currently used by 19 of the twenty-eight countries.

Europe Union

There are 3 classifications of countries in the European Union: member states, candidate countries, and potential candidate countries. As for the member states, there are 28 European countries, while the countries that have been classified as candidate countries are: Albania, Turkey, the Macedonian Republic, Serbia and Montenegro, and the countries that have been classified as potential candidates for membership of the Union are: Bosnia and Herzegovina. And Kosovo, As for the member states, they are ranked according to seniority in joining the Union as follows:

Belgium

Belgium joined the Union on January 1, 1958, and its capital is the city of Brussels, and a total area of 30.528 km 2, and the population reached a population of 11,258,434 people in 2015.

France

France joined the Union on January 1, 1958, and its capital is the city of Paris, and a total area of 633.187 km 2, and the population reached a population of 66,415,161 people in 2015.

Germany

Germany joined the Union on January 1, 1958, and its capital is Berlin, with a total area of ​​357,376 km 2 ٬ and its population reaching 81,197,537 in 2015.

Italy

Italy joined the Union on January 1, 1958, and its capital is the city of Rome, with a total area of 302.073 km 2, and the population reached a population of 60,795,612 people in 2015.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg joined the Union on January 1, 1958, and its capital is the city of Luxembourg, with a total area of 2,586 km 2, and the population reached a population to 562.958 people in 2015.

Holland

Netherlands joined the Union on January 1, 1958, and its capital is the city of Amsterdam, with a total area of 41.542 km 2, and the population reached a population of 16,900,726 people in 2015.

Denmark

Denmark joined the Union on January 1, 1973, and its capital is a city Coppinhagain, with a total area of 42.924 km 2, and the population reached a population of 5,659,715 people in 2015.

Ireland

Ireland joined the Union on January 1, 1973, and its capital is the city of Dublin, with a total area of 69.797 km 2, and the population reached a population of 4,628,949 people in 2015.

United kingdom

The United Kingdom joined the Union on January 1, 1973, and its capital is the city of London, with a total area of 248.528 km 2. The population reached a population of 64,875,165 people in 2015.

On June 23, 2016, the British people voted to leave the European Union and completely secede from it, which was called “Brexit.” However, the decision has not yet been officially implemented, and Britain is still part of the European Union today.

Greece

Greece joined the Union on January 1, 1981, and its capital is the city of Athens, with a total area of ​​131,957 km 2 and its population reaching 10,858,018 people in 2015.

Portugal

Portugal joined the Union on January 1, 1986, and its capital is Lisbon, with a total area of ​​92,226 km 2 ٬ and its population reached 10,374,822 people in 2015.

Spain

Spain joined the Union on January 1, 1986, and its capital is Madrid, with a total area of ​​505,944 km 2 ٬ and its population reaching 46,449,565 people in 2015.

Austria

Austria joined the Union on January 1 , 1995, and its capital is the city of Vienna, with a total area of 83.879 km 2 , and the population reached a population to 8,576,261 people in 2015.

Finland

Finland joined the Union on January 1, 1995, and its capital is the city of Helsinki, with a total area of 338.440 km 2, and the population reached a population of 5,471,753 people in 2015.

Sweden

Sweden joined the Union on January 1, 1995, and its capital is the city of Stockholm, with a total area of 438.574 km 2, and the population reached a population of 9,747,355 people in 2015.

Cyprus

Cyprus joined the Union on 1 May 2004, and its capital is the city of Nicosia, with a total area of 9251 km 2, and the population reached a population of 847.008 people in 2015.

Czech

Czech joined the Union on 1 May 2004, and its capital is the city of Prague, with a total area of 78.868 km 2, and the population reached a population of 10,538,275 people in 2015.

Estonia

Estonia joined the Union on 1 May 2004, and its capital is the city of Tallinn, with a total area of 45.227 km 2, and the population reached a population of 1,313,271 people in 2015.

Hungary

Hungary joined the federation on May 1, 2004, and its capital is Budapest, with a total area of ​​93,011 km 2 ٬ and its population reached 9,855,571 people in 2015.

Latvia

Latvia joined the Union on 1 May 2004, and its capital is the city of Riga, with a total area of 64.573 km 2, and the population reached a population of 1,986,096 people in 2015.

Lithuania

Lithuania joined the federation on May 1, 2004, and its capital is Vilnius, with a total area of ​​65,286 km 2, and its population reached 2,921,262 people in 2015.

Malta

Malta joined the Union on May 1, 2004, and its capital is Valletta, with a total area of ​​315 km 2, and its population reached 429,344 people in 2015.

Poland

Poland joined the Union on May 1, 2004, and its capital is Warsaw, with a total area of ​​312,679 km 2٬ and its population reached 38,005,614 people in 2015.

Slovakia

Slovenia joined the Union on 1 May 2004, and its capital is the city of Ljubljana, a total area of 20.273 km 2, and the population reached a population of 2,062,874 people in 2015.

Bulgaria

Bulgaria joined the Union on January 1, 2007, and its capital is the city of Sofia, with a total area of 110.370 km 2, and the population reached a population of 7,202,198 people in 2015.

Romania

Romania joined the Union on January 1, 2007, and its capital is the city of Bucharest, with a total area of 238.391 km 2, and the population reached a population of 19,870,647 people in 2015.

European continent

The continent of Europe is one of the continents of the ancient world and one of the seven continents of the present-day world, and it is considered one of the most critical parts of the world, whether in ancient or modern history. Because of its great contributions to the global historical process, in addition to its great and remarkable contribution to the industrial, technological, and scientific development taking place today. the continent of Europe is located in the northern part of Alastewae, in line with an area of 10.18 million km 2, and the population reached a population of 740 million in 2016.

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Notes

  1. “The EU in brief,” European Union. ↑ “The European flag,” European Union. ↑ “The economy,” European Union. ↑ “The euro,” European Union. ↑ “Countries,” European Union. ↑ “EU member countries,” European Union. ↑ “Brexit”, Investopedia, Retrieved 13-2-2017. ↑ “Brexit: How long will we be shackled to the EU after we voted to leave months ago?”, Express,3-11-2016، Retrieved 13-2-2017. ↑ “An Overview of European History,” history-world. ↑ William H. Berentsen, “Europe”، www.britannica.com, Retrieved 1-3-2021. Edited. ↑ “Countries by Continents _ Countries of Europe,” nations online

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